Info courtesy of Osmosis
Insomnia is often defined as the inability to fall or stay asleep. There are a number of reasons why one may develop sleeplessness, with the chief reasons (depending on the individual) being psychiatric illnesses, allergies, endocrine issues, asthma, Parkinson’s disease, or chronic pain.
Insomnia is said to be acute when it lasts about only one month or less but extends over to being a chronic condition when it lasts over one month. This condition can especially be harrowing because it prevents its victims from getting the recovery and restoration that sleep normally helps the body obtain.
The main side effects of insomnia are usually daytime sleepiness, fatigue, anxiety, irritability and depression. Many of these side effects can be very taxing on the individual and can lead to personal and professional challenges in day to day life. Insomnia can often occur without any underlying cause, and it can often aggravate pre-existing problems like psychiatric illnesses and pulmonary diseases.
Insomnia heightens the body’s levels of the hormone cortisol, which often plays a role in waking people up.
There are many ways in which people with insomnia can treat their condition. For example, sufferers can reduce their alcohol intake, and avoid daytime naps. They can also implement exercise, (though not too long before going to bed) and see a therapist to discuss and help manage stressors if applicable.
Incorporating great sleep hygiene can also do wonders. This means that insomnia sufferers should do things like having a consistent bedtime and wake time, and only using their beds for sleep.
Many folks can also use prescriptions like melatonin agonists, benzodiazepines, and non- benzodiazepines.